About the Norwegian Fjords
Fjord Norway landscape
In Norway we have a lot of fjords cutting a long way into the land from the coast. The main fjords are located in the western parts of southern Norway. The Sognefjord is the largest fjord in Norway, stretching 205 kilometres inland to the tiny village of Skjolden, thus you will find salt sea water in the middle of the country.
The beautiful Geirangerfjord and the narrow Naeroyfjord are both on the UNESCO list of natural sites. The Naeroyfjord is the narrower branch of the main Sognefjord
The easiest way of seeing the fjords is on a round trip including scenic Fjord cruises, spectacular rail trips (Flam Railway, Bergen line, Rauma line), picturesque Bergen, tiny fjord villages. Most of the trips start and finish in Oslo. The trips are independent (you will not travel with a group).
Read more about the Fjord tours here
How did the Norwegian fjords occur?
During the ice age both the ice and the rivers carved deep valleys in the mountains. As the climate changed, most of the ice melted, and the valleys were gradually filled with salt water from the coast, thus creating the Fjords. Not all of the ice melted though, leaving parts of the high mountain areas covered with ice, thus creating the glaciers.
The main fjords of Norway:
The Geirangerfjord, the Nordfjord, the Sognefjord with the Naeroyfjord branch, and the Hardangerfjord. The Naeroyfjord and the Geirangerfjord are both on the UNESCO World Heritage natural list.
Challenging geography (or topography)
The fjords are quite unique and beautiful, but naturally they have also been a challenge for the road planners… thus a ferry crossing the fjord is a typical sight in Norway. Ferries serve as both transportation for locals but also as part of sightseeing tours for tourists. In fact, the ferries are defined as part of the road systems. The summer of 2013 a new bridge across the Hardangerfjord opened.
The fruit blossom in the Hardangerfjord is truly amazing. In May/June when the fruit trees are in blossom is Hardanger at its most beautiful. Depending on a warm or cold spring the blossoming season varies from year to year. Apples from the Hardangerfjord are particularly tasty. Tiny sales tables along the roads is a common sight after the fruit harvest.